Located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh, Bandhavgarh derives its name from the mythology of Ramayana. It is believed that Hindu god Ram gifted it to his brother Lakshman on their return from victory over Lanka. The name, Bandhavgarh, roughly translates to ‘Brother’s Fort’.
Today, it is known for its highest density of the tiger population along with large breeding population of leopards and various species of deer. Experts record roughly 40 species of mammals, over 300 species of birds, 80 species of butterflies, besides reptiles. The richness of the grasslands invites rare, migratory birds to flock here, especially in the rainy season.
Flora and fauna: The Magic of Streams, Scenes and Sal
Spread across the area of 446 sq km, Bandhavgarh National Park, with its captivating landscape showcasing hills, cliffs, plateaus and meadows, has rich flora. With sal trees and bamboo stretching out to cover most of the forest, the area boasts of mixed species, including high grasslands, which are the major speciality of the Bandhavgarh jungle.
Given the extremely fertile region, it’s no surprise that 300 species – and counting – species of flora can be found at both the core and the buffer region of Bandhavgarh. The beautiful streams and rivulets that flow in different zones of the national park add to the beautiful scenery, urging tourists and nature lovers to visit this national park.